Citizen Science in Belgium

Development of Citizen Science Approaches in Belgium

Belgium, located in the heart of Western Europe, has a profound history of embracing citizen science as a powerful tool to address pressing environmental challenges. With a tradition deeply rooted in public engagement in scientific endeavours, Belgium has fostered a growing community of citizen scientists eager to contribute to the welfare of the nation and the planet.

The country’s journey into citizen science is underpinned by a commitment to harnessing the collective intelligence and passion of its citizens. Belgium understands the intrinsic value of enlisting its people to actively participate in scientific research, not merely as observers but as key contributors to generating knowledge and sustainable solutions.

The spirit of collaboration between professional scientists, institutions, and the public in Belgium serves as a shining example of how collective efforts can significantly impact the understanding and management of environmental challenges. This synergy has led to the development of innovative citizen science initiatives, reflecting a nation that takes its environmental responsibilities seriously and understands the value of involving its citizens in scientific endeavours.


Major Environmental Challenges in Belgium

Belgium faces several environmental challenges that demand collective action, with citizen science initiatives playing a pivotal role in addressing these issues:


Air Quality and Pollution

Belgium, nestled in the heart of Europe, grapples with pressing environmental concerns, with air quality and pollution taking centre stage. As a nation characterized by dense urban centers and significant industrial activity, the issue of air quality remains paramount. Emissions stemming from factories and transportation networks, coupled with ongoing urbanization, have significantly contributed to air pollution levels. In response to these challenges, Belgium has proactively embraced citizen science to monitor and enhance air quality. This concerted effort is an exemplar of the nation’s commitment to safeguarding the well-being of its residents by enlisting the active participation of its citizens.


Biodiversity Conservation

Belgium’s rich natural heritage and commitment to biodiversity conservation have been cornerstones of its environmental policy. To safeguard and preserve the nation’s diverse ecosystems, citizen science initiatives have played an indispensable role in collecting vital data on wildlife, flora, and fauna. This collaborative endeavour between expert scientists and enthusiastic citizens underscores Belgium’s unwavering dedication to nurturing and conserving its invaluable biodiversity.


Climate Change Impacts

Belgium, like many nations, finds itself grappling with the far-reaching consequences of climate change, including extreme weather events and shifting climatic patterns. Citizen scientists are actively engaged in monitoring and evaluating these impacts. Their participation is a clear manifestation of Belgium’s commitment to adapting and building resilience in the face of a changing climate. This proactive stance highlights the nation’s readiness to confront the challenges posed by climate change while actively involving its citizens in the process.


Citizen Science Projects in Belgium

Belgium embraces citizen science as a powerful tool to address a spectrum of environmental challenges. Here are a few noteworthy projects that demonstrate the active engagement of citizens in scientific endeavours:


Marine Mammals in Belgium

Belgium’s North Sea coastline is not only a picturesque destination but also home to diverse marine life, including marine mammals. Citizen scientists have been instrumental in monitoring and researching these charismatic creatures. Through collaborations with experts, volunteers contribute to data collection on marine mammal sightings, behaviours, and habitats. This valuable information aids in the conservation of marine life and the preservation of the North Sea’s delicate ecosystems. If you are interested in this project, please visit its website: Marine Mammals in Belgium.

Spider City

Spider City is an intriguing citizen science project that delves into the world of arachnids. Belgium’s rich biodiversity includes a plethora of spider species, making it an ideal location for such an initiative. Citizen scientists across the nation join arachnologists in surveying and cataloguing spider populations. By gathering data on these eight-legged inhabitants, the project contributes to our understanding of spider diversity and distribution in Belgium. If you are interested in this project, please visit its website: Spider City.

The “Objective 1000” Network Project

Belgium’s commitment to environmental conservation is further exemplified by the “Objective 1000” network project. This citizen science effort focuses on the collection of data regarding invertebrate species. The project’s name underscores its ambitious goal of documenting 1,000 different invertebrate species across the country. Volunteers, equipped with curiosity and enthusiasm, contribute to species identification, distribution mapping, and population monitoring. This data is pivotal in supporting biodiversity conservation and habitat management in Belgium. If you want to join in you can take pictures of arthropods and put them on the website to increase knowledge of the biodiversity of the Jardin Massart site  project.


CitizenHeritage is a unique initiative that intertwines citizen science with cultural heritage preservation. In a country with a rich historical tapestry, this project engages volunteers in documenting and preserving cultural heritage sites. Citizen scientists use cutting-edge technology, such as 3D scanning and photography, to create detailed digital replicas of historical landmarks and artifacts. These digital records not only preserve Belgium’s cultural legacy but also enable research and educational initiatives. If you are interested in this project, please visit its website: CitizenHeritage.


Belgium embraces citizen science, this is testament to its commitment to environmental sustainability. While challenges persist, the active involvement of citizen scientists has played a crucial role in monitoring and mitigating these issues. The nation continues to build upon its legacy of scientific inquiry and community-driven efforts to address pressing environmental concerns. Belgium is not merely a nation that acknowledges environmental challenges—it’s a nation that empowers its citizens to be part of the solution, enriching the collective knowledge and making a difference for the future.


Field Research Findings

The GEA partner consortium conducted extensive field research in Belgium to explore the landscape of citizen science and its potential impact on environmental awareness and engagement among Belgian adults. Through surveys, interviews, and focus groups, the research aimed to uncover valuable insights.


Recognition of Citizen Science

Citizen science is a recognized concept among scientific circles in Belgium. However, its widespread acknowledgment within the general populace appears to vary, with some segments showing less awareness, particularly in urban areas. The knowledge and appreciation of citizen science fluctuate across demographic groups. A substantial percentage of survey respondents admitted to having no prior awareness of the concept.


Environmental Challenges and Social Aspects

An intricate relationship between environmental challenges and social dimensions is evident in the research findings. Overpopulation emerges as a fundamental factor giving rise to a range of environmental issues. Notable concerns include water quality, forest preservation, global warming, and the repercussions of urbanization. Participants also highlight the connection between environmental challenges and social ramifications.


Primary Environmental Concerns

The research reveals a diverse spectrum of environmental concerns expressed by participants. These encompass water quality, forest conservation, global warming, overpopulation, waste management, litter, and environmental degradation. Of particular note is the prominence of waste management, specifically the increasing accumulation of waste and the issue of food wastage as paramount local concerns.


Local Environmental Initiatives

Participants indicate the existence of various local environmental initiatives within their communities. These encompass activities such as beach clean-ups, litter collection drives, and educational campaigns aimed at fostering public awareness on environmental issues. An observable trend is the growing consciousness of environmental issues among the public, reflected in their proactive participation in these initiatives.


Adult Environmental Education

There is a discernible shift in the perception of adult environmental education. The stereotypical image of “environmental enthusiasts” is evolving, with a more diverse and mainstream demographic expressing interest in environmental matters. Participants display an increasing openness to educational initiatives focused on environmental issues, and they actively engage in actions like beach clean-ups and litter collection.


Engagement in Citizen Science Projects

The focus group discussions unveiled a willingness among participants to actively participate in research and citizen science projects. These projects span a wide spectrum, from shell counting on beaches to the measurement of air pollution in local streets. Involving ordinary individuals in scientific endeavors appears to foster a sense of engagement and connection with environmental issues.



The research findings underscore the intrinsic linkage between environmental challenges and societal elements. Overpopulation serves as a focal point, contributing to a myriad of environmental problems. While citizen science has garnered recognition within specific segments of society, the potential exists to broaden awareness and engagement, particularly in addressing localized environmental concerns. The domains of adult environmental education and participation in citizen science projects present avenues for expansion and enhanced involvement. Challenges in waste management, urbanization, and environmental degradation necessitate a comprehensive, multi-faceted policy approach, augmented by initiatives to heighten public awareness and encourage responsible conduct. Collectively, the research underscores the imperative of increased public engagement, educational endeavors, and community-driven actions to effectively address environmental challenges in the Belgian context.

The Belgian field research provides a comprehensive exploration of the awareness and engagement of ordinary citizens in citizen science. It underscores the unfamiliarity of many Belgians with the term “citizen science” and highlights the interplay between environmental and social challenges. Bridging the generational gap, fostering community-driven approaches, and enhancing adult environmental education are seen as essential steps to elevate environmental awareness and engagement in Belgium.



The Belgian desk and field research has provided a valuable compilation of insights into citizen science awareness and engagement. Our endeavor has been centered around cultivating environmental consciousness and encouraging active participation in environmental initiatives, with a specific focus on underserved communities.

Our Belgian desk research underscored the persistent challenge of enhancing environmental awareness and motivating adults to engage in environmental endeavors. Often, immediate daily concerns take precedence, overshadowing environmental issues. This emphasizes the critical need for precisely tailored environmental education that caters to the unique concerns of our target audience.

During our Belgian field research, we have observed that projects designed to accommodate diverse learning styles and backgrounds are exceptionally effective in increasing adult involvement. Conversations with educators highlighted the transformative influence of citizen science initiatives on participants, elevating their understanding of environmental issues and enthusiasm for conservation activities.

Experiences garnered during Belgian field research emphasized the pivotal role of community integration in the success of environmental projects. Initiatives that engage citizens and provide opportunities for collaboration demonstrate greater efficacy. Furthermore, networking among like-minded individuals and organizations significantly enhances the sustainability of local environmentally friendly endeavors.

Our research has also indicated that proximity to environmental challenges substantially impacts on environmental awareness and engagement. Urban and rural areas in Belgium face distinct environmental issues, and it is essential to account for these unique challenges and concerns when adapting environmental education and activities.

In Belgium, the success of environmental education efforts largely hinges on an interdisciplinary approach that combines knowledge from various fields. This inclusive approach, encompassing scientific, social, and economic facets, fosters a comprehensive understanding of environmental challenges and solutions.

In summary, our research underscores the necessity for a targeted and adaptable approach to foster environmental awareness and promote active participation in environmental activities among Belgian adults. By offering clear, goal-oriented educational resources, encouraging collaboration and networking opportunities, and tailoring strategies to the specific needs of our audience, we can make significant strides toward these objectives.