Citizen Science in Estonia

Development of Citizen Science Approaches in Estonia

Estonia, located in the northeastern part of Europe, has seen significant growth in the field of citizen science. The country’s unique blend of factors, including a rich tradition of environmentalism, a technologically proficient population, and a deep affinity for the natural world, has fueled the evolution of citizen science initiatives.

The history of citizen science in Estonia dates back several decades when early endeavors focused on birdwatching and plant identification. Over time, these activities evolved and embraced digital technologies, becoming more organized and inclusive. Notably, the Estonian government and non-governmental organizations have recognized the potential of citizen science in tackling pressing environmental challenges and have actively supported and promoted such initiatives.

A key milestone in the development of citizen science in Estonia is the emergence of digital platforms and applications designed to involve citizens in data collection. These tools empower individuals to participate actively in environmental monitoring, from tracking air quality to documenting wildlife sightings. The Estonian government has provided financial backing for the creation of these platforms, encouraging innovation and outreach.

Furthermore, Estonia’s strong commitment to education and scientific research has been instrumental in nurturing a thriving citizen science community. Schools, universities, and research institutions have adopted citizen science projects as a means to engage students and the general public in scientific endeavors. This collaboration has not only enriched scientific knowledge but has also increased environmental awareness and enabled active participation in addressing ecological challenges.

Estonia’s dedication to citizen science is evident in its policies and support networks. The country has established a framework that promotes collaborative efforts among scientists, policymakers, and citizens. This has given rise to impactful projects addressing environmental concerns such as air quality, biodiversity conservation, and climate change impacts. Funding from various sources, including governmental bodies and international organizations, provides vital support for these initiatives.

In summary, Estonia’s journey in citizen science has been characterized by a strong foundation of environmental stewardship, the integration of technology, and a commitment to education and collaboration. Consequently, the country serves as a remarkable example of how citizen science can make substantial progress in addressing environmental challenges, reflecting the nation’s dedication to sustainable environmental management and research innovation.


Major Environmental Challenges in Estonia

Air Quality and Pollution

Estonia faces air quality challenges primarily linked to industrial activities and transportation. As a country with a significant energy production sector, emissions from power plants and factories impact air quality. Citizen science projects have been instrumental in monitoring air pollution levels and raising awareness about its consequences.


Biodiversity Conservation

Estonia is known for its rich biodiversity, which faces threats from habitat loss and climate change. Citizen science initiatives are actively engaged in cataloging and preserving the nation’s unique flora and fauna. These projects contribute to scientific knowledge and support conservation efforts.


Climate Change Impacts

Estonia is experiencing the effects of climate change, including changing weather patterns and rising temperatures. Citizen scientists are involved in monitoring climate-related changes, providing valuable data for research and adaptation strategies. Their contributions underscore Estonia’s commitment to addressing climate change.


Water Quality and Management

The quality and sustainability of Estonia’s water resources are paramount. Citizen science projects monitor the health of lakes, rivers, and coastal waters, addressing concerns such as pollution and eutrophication. This data is vital for the protection and management of aquatic ecosystems.


Urbanization and Land Use

The rapid urbanization of Estonia comes with challenges related to land use and development. Citizen science initiatives focus on urban green spaces and the impact of construction on local environments. This data aids in making informed decisions about sustainable urban development.


Citizen Science Projects in ESTONIA

Atlas of Estonian Mammals

The ‘Atlas of Estonian Mammals’ is a noteworthy initiative dedicated to systematically documenting and monitoring mammal species across the diverse landscapes of Estonia. By meticulously collecting data on these fascinating creatures, this project plays a pivotal role in advancing biodiversity research and conservation efforts throughout the nation. For more information, visit Atlas of Estonian Mammals.


WaterLANDS Project

The WaterLANDS Project is a dedicated endeavor that primarily concentrates on the health and sustainability of Estonia’s wetlands and their profound influence on water quality. By actively monitoring and managing wetlands, this project contributes significantly to the preservation and sustainable management of aquatic ecosystems across the country. For more information, visit WaterLANDS Project.



WeObserve is a prominent European-wide initiative that actively promotes and utilizes citizen science for environmental monitoring and management. It also has a notable presence and active engagement in Estonia. By fostering collaboration between citizens, experts, and policymakers, WeObserve plays a crucial role in harnessing the power of citizen science to address various environmental challenges in the country. For more information, visit WeObserve.


European Commission Climate Action Surveys Estonia

The ‘European Commission Climate Action Surveys Estonia’ project is a significant undertaking that actively involves citizens in monitoring the impacts of climate change and collecting crucial data related to environmental challenges within Estonia. By engaging the public in these vital efforts, this project fosters a deeper understanding of climate change issues, effectively contributing to the accumulation of essential data for evidence-based decision-making and environmental policies within the country. For a more comprehensive understanding and further details regarding this initiative, we recommend visiting the official website: European Commission Climate Action Surveys Estonia.


Information System of Draft Acts (EIS) Estonian Platform

The ‘Information System of Draft Acts (EIS) Estonian Platform’ is a groundbreaking project that places a strong emphasis on encouraging citizen engagement in the development of environmental policies. This initiative plays a pivotal role in promoting public participation within legislative processes, enabling citizens to have a direct and influential role in shaping environmental policies in Estonia. By providing a user-friendly platform that facilitates public involvement, the project significantly contributes to fostering a more transparent and inclusive legislative framework in the country. For more information, visit Information System of Draft Acts (EIS) Estonian Platform.


Citizen science projects in Estonia play a crucial role in addressing environmental issues, and they exemplify the nation’s commitment to involving its citizens in the quest for sustainable solutions. These initiatives not only generate valuable data but also foster a deeper sense of responsibility for the environment among Estonians.

Field Research Findings

Citizen Science Awareness in Estonia

Citizen science in Estonia is gradually gaining recognition and awareness among environmental activists, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), and policymakers. While some individuals and groups embrace the concept enthusiastically, others are still in the process of understanding its full potential. The general attitude towards citizen science in Estonia is optimistic, recognizing its capacity to engage communities in environmental stewardship.

Environmental Challenges and Social Dimensions

The connection between environmental challenges and social dimensions is evident in Estonia. Respondents in focus groups highlighted significant concerns related to air pollution, water quality, biodiversity loss, and waste management practices. These concerns are diverse, reflecting a range of environmental issues that impact both the natural environment and the well-being of local communities.


Key Environmental Concerns in Estonia

Estonian adults participating in the research expressed diverse and multifaceted environmental concerns. These include global warming, air pollution, water quality, biodiversity loss, and waste management. Air pollution, particularly in urban areas, was a prevalent concern, emphasizing the need for cleaner transportation options and sustainable urban planning.

Local Environmental Initiatives

Local environmental initiatives, such as ‘Baltic Sea Cleanup’ and ‘Estonian Frog Watch,’ were highlighted in the study. These initiatives engaged ordinary citizens in addressing marine pollution and monitoring native frog species. The participants in focus groups recognized the significance of community-driven efforts to address environmental challenges.


Adult Environmental Education in Estonia

Participants expressed mixed opinions on the availability of adult environmental education in Estonia. While some noted a positive shift towards offering more opportunities, others raised concerns about accessibility and awareness of these programs. Wider dissemination, government support, and funding were recommended to improve the accessibility and outreach of environmental education for adult learners in Estonia.


Participation in Citizen Science Projects

The focus group discussions revealed limited knowledge and understanding of citizen science among participants, although they expressed intrigue and curiosity regarding the concept. The respondents desired more accessible information and opportunities to engage in citizen science projects, emphasizing the importance of clear explanations and raising awareness.



The field research findings underline the growing recognition of citizen science and its positive reception in Estonia, highlighting the importance of fostering awareness. Environmental concerns are multifaceted, encompassing air pollution, water quality, biodiversity loss, and waste management, suggesting the need for comprehensive and multi-pronged environmental strategies.

Local environmental initiatives showcase the power of community involvement in addressing environmental challenges, while the availability and accessibility of adult environmental education could be improved with government support.

Lastly, enhancing participation in citizen science projects requires raising awareness and providing clear entry points for community engagement. Overall, these findings underscore the significance of addressing environmental issues through collaboration, public awareness, and policy measures, emphasizing the importance of inclusivity, education, and citizen science in the process.



In summary, Estonia’s citizen science journey is well-founded, with growing awareness and optimism among environmental activists and organizations. Environmental concerns span air and water quality, biodiversity, waste management, and global warming, with a particular emphasis on urban air pollution.

Regarding adult environmental education, accessibility and awareness improvements are needed, with calls for wider dissemination and government support.

Discussion participants showed limited citizen science knowledge but expressed curiosity and interest. They seek clear explanations and accessible entry points to engage in citizen science projects.

The online course should focus on inclusivity, accessible projects, community initiatives, and government support for environmental education. By addressing these key points, it will empower citizens, raise environmental awareness, and foster a community of environmentally conscious individuals, contributing to a more sustainable Estonia.