Citizen Science in Greece

Development of Citizen Science Approaches in Greece

Greece has a rich and storied history that extends into the realm of citizen science. Notably, citizen science has gained prominence in the domains of environmental monitoring, conservation, and sustainability. These collaborative efforts have been pivotal in bolstering Greece’s scientific endeavors.

Greece’s cultural heritage and natural diversity make it an ideal setting for various citizen science initiatives. From the ancient ruins to the pristine coastlines and rugged mountain landscapes, Greece is home to a wealth of ecosystems and wildlife. Citizen science has found its place in conserving and studying this unique environment.

In the realm of environmental monitoring, Greece has harnessed the power of its citizens to tackle pressing issues. Air quality, an issue of concern globally, is closely monitored, with citizens actively engaged in data collection efforts. The data amassed through these initiatives helps raise awareness about the dire consequences of air pollution and its effects on public health.

Biodiversity conservation is another pillar of Greece’s citizen science initiatives. The nation’s diverse ecosystems, from lush forests to pristine coastlines, are home to a multitude of species. Climate change and habitat loss threaten many of these. Citizen scientists are actively cataloging and preserving Greece’s unique flora and fauna, contributing to a growing body of scientific knowledge and supporting conservation efforts.

Climate change impacts, marked by rising temperatures and shifting weather patterns, affect Greece profoundly. Citizen scientists in the country are playing a critical role in monitoring these changes, providing essential data to research and adaptation strategies. These initiatives underscore Greece’s commitment to addressing the pressing issue of climate change, both on a national and global scale.

Greece’s aquatic ecosystems, including its beautiful coastal waters and pristine lakes, are vital to the nation’s heritage. Citizen science projects dedicated to monitoring and maintaining water quality play a crucial role in ensuring the health and sustainability of these ecosystems. Issues such as pollution and eutrophication are being addressed, contributing to the protection and effective management of these vital resources.

As Greece experiences rapid urbanization, the challenges related to land use and development come to the forefront. Citizen science initiatives are focusing on examining the impact of construction and urban development on local environments. This data plays a pivotal role in making informed decisions about sustainable urban development, balancing the nation’s progress with the preservation of its environment.

Renowned for its rich heritage and beautiful landscapes, Greece has successfully incorporated citizen science into its scientific ethos, aligning with the European tradition of innovation. The nation’s commitment to citizen science as a valuable tool for research and management is evident in the collaborative efforts aimed at addressing these environmental challenges. Citizen science in Greece serves as a testament to the nation’s dedication to both its rich heritage and its responsibility toward the environment.


Major Environmental Challenges in Greece


Air Quality and Pollution

Greece contends with air quality challenges stemming primarily from transportation and industrial activities. The nation’s thriving tourism industry and expanding urban areas have contributed to elevated pollution levels, particularly in densely populated regions. A growing concern is the impact of particulate matter and pollutants on the health and well-being of its citizens. Citizen science projects have emerged as a formidable force in actively monitoring air quality. These projects empower individuals to collect crucial data on pollutant levels, enabling a more comprehensive understanding of air quality variations across the country. This wealth of information not only aids in quantifying the scope of air pollution but also enhances awareness about the consequences of deteriorating air quality on public health.


Biodiversity Conservation

Greece’s natural ecosystems boast a rich and diverse tapestry of flora and fauna. However, this unique biodiversity faces grave threats due to habitat degradation and the pervasive impacts of climate change. The increasing loss of habitats, driven by urbanization and agricultural expansion, jeopardizes the survival of several species. To combat these challenges, citizen science initiatives diligently engage in cataloging and safeguarding Greece’s exceptional biodiversity. By monitoring and documenting the various species inhabiting the nation, citizen scientists contribute significantly to the body of scientific knowledge. This meticulous data collection aids in assessing the health and distribution of species, enabling researchers to make more informed decisions for conservation strategies. It also bolsters conservation efforts by fostering a stronger sense of environmental responsibility among Greece’s citizens.


Climate Change Impacts

Greece is acutely affected by climate change, evident through the shifting weather patterns, rising temperatures, and an increased frequency of extreme weather events. These changes pose significant challenges to the nation’s socio-economic and environmental landscapes. Citizen scientists are stepping into the forefront to play an integral role in monitoring and researching these impacts. By actively participating in climate-related data collection efforts, they provide vital information for the development of adaptive strategies. These strategies aim to mitigate the effects of climate change, enhance resilience in the face of changing conditions, and reduce the associated risks. In the process, citizen scientists not only contribute to scientific research but also emphasize Greece’s commitment to addressing one of the most critical global issues.


Water Quality and Management

Water quality and sustainability stand as paramount concerns in Greece, a country with extensive coastlines, beautiful lakes, and rivers. As these water resources hold immeasurable value to the nation’s heritage, citizen science projects play a pivotal role in safeguarding their health. Of particular concern are issues such as pollution, nutrient runoff, and eutrophication, which can severely impact the aquatic ecosystems. These citizen science initiatives involve local communities in the meticulous monitoring of the nation’s water bodies, ensuring their protection and sustainable management. Through active data collection, these projects provide indispensable information necessary to detect and address water quality issues promptly.


Urbanization and Land Use

Greece is in the midst of rapid urbanization, with the development of cities presenting a complex set of challenges. This process brings forth intricate issues associated with land development and use. Citizen science initiatives have honed in on examining the impact of construction on local environments, particularly focusing on urban green spaces. By collecting data on the transformation of landscapes and their ecological footprint, these projects yield valuable information that informs decision-makers on sustainable urban development. In the face of burgeoning cities and the changing urban environment, the insights generated through citizen science are instrumental in ensuring a harmonious balance between urban expansion and environmental preservation.

The rigorous commitment of Greece to citizen science underscores the nation’s determination to address these pressing environmental challenges. By fostering a culture of active public participation in scientific research, Greece exemplifies its responsibility in managing its environment and natural heritage.


Citizen Science Projects iN Greece

National Wildlife Observation Network (

A project dedicated to the observation of wildlife, with citizens actively contributing to the knowledge and conservation of Greece’s rich biodiversity. Participants in this initiative regularly collect data on various animal species found throughout the country, from the majestic birds soaring through the skies to the elusive creatures hidden in Greece’s lush forests. This valuable data informs both scientific research and conservation efforts, ensuring that these species and their habitats are protected and preserved for future generations. To learn more, please visit


Is it alien to you… share it!

This project actively engages citizens in monitoring and reporting on invasive alien species. In doing so, it supports the preservation of native ecosystems and biodiversity. The data collected by participants plays a pivotal role in identifying and mitigating the impacts of invasive species on Greece’s unique natural landscapes. By sharing observations and knowledge, volunteers help prevent further disruptions to the delicate balance of native flora and fauna. To learn more, please visit the project’s website.



These innovative projects involve citizens in urban environmental monitoring and the mapping of green infrastructure. By participating in FLogA and CITISENS, volunteers play a direct role in improving the quality of urban living in Greece. They collect data on various aspects of urban life, from green spaces to air quality, which provides insights for urban planners and policymakers to create healthier and more sustainable cities. To learn more about FLogA, please visit FLogA’s website.



A visionary project focused on promoting eco-friendly navigation and maritime practices. This initiative actively involves citizens in activities aimed at enhancing environmental awareness. Through educational programs and hands-on experiences, participants learn about sustainable maritime practices and gain the knowledge and skills needed to protect Greece’s coastal and marine ecosystems. By fostering a deeper sense of responsibility for the environment, Eco-Navigation ensures that Greece’s seas and coastlines remain pristine for future generations. To learn more, please visit the project’s website.



An ambitious project that actively engages citizens in the monitoring and research of seismic activity. Participants contribute to earthquake research and hazard mitigation efforts by collecting valuable data on seismic events. This data plays a critical role in understanding and preparing for earthquakes in a region known for its geological activity. Through their participation, volunteers not only contribute to scientific knowledge but also empower Greece to be better prepared for seismic events. To learn more about SEISMO-Lab, please visit SEISMO-Lab’s website.


These citizen science projects are a testament to Greece’s thriving engagement with public science participation. They embody the nation’s commitment to addressing a myriad of pressing environmental challenges while fostering a deeper sense of responsibility for the environment among its citizens.


Field Research Findings

The GEA partner consortium conducted an extensive exploration of citizen science in Greece, aiming to comprehend the landscape of environmental awareness among Greek adults. This research, an integral component of the broader GEA project, involved diverse participants, including adults, disadvantaged adults, adult educators, and experts in citizen science and environmental action. Through surveys, workshops, and interviews, the consortium sought to unveil perceptions of citizen science and its potential to heighten environmental consciousness among Greek adults.


Low Awareness of Citizen Science

None of the participants knew what citizen science was. The term “citizen science” was largely unfamiliar to the majority of Greek citizens, as none of the participants had prior awareness of this concept. It was a novel term to the participants, highlighting the significant gap in understanding and recognition of citizen science in Greece.

Linking Environmental Challenges to Social Dimensions

The research revealed a strong connection between environmental challenges and their social dimensions. The most pressing environmental issue emphasized by participants was the occurrence of wildfires, a recurrent crisis in Greece. These fires not only result in ecological damage but also pose severe social consequences, including loss of life, property, and infrastructure. Environmental concerns were closely linked to social aspects like urbanization, tourism, and climate change’s impact on daily life.


Major Environmental Concerns

The field research identified various environmental concerns in Greece, including wildfires (particularly extensive fires affecting the country), the impact of wildfires on biodiversity and animal life, tourism surges, urban landscape issues (lack of trees, excess rubbish), air pollution, water scarcity and contamination, and concerns related to earthquakes. The devastating fires, in particular, dominated discussions and sparked fear and frustration due to their extensive nature and destructive consequences. 

Local Environmental Initiatives

While the majority of participants reported limited engagement with local environmental initiatives, a notable portion acknowledged the importance of such initiatives. There was a general lack of trust in institutions and lack of transparency in the actions of these organizations. Despite this skepticism, the potential of local bottom-up initiatives involving the community was recognized as a promising avenue for addressing environmental issues.


Adult Environmental Education

Participants displayed a keen interest in environmental education as they recognized the importance of acquiring knowledge and skills for addressing environmental challenges. The demand for education encompassed practical topics like waste management and climate change mitigation, as well as theoretical subjects related to climate change and the protection of the environment. Adult educators stressed the importance of flexible, needs-based, and experiential learning opportunities.


Participation in Citizen Science Projects

The research indicated a low awareness of citizen science in Greece. Despite the unfamiliarity, participants were intrigued by the concept. Focus groups underlined the need to involve local communities actively at all stages of citizen science projects, emphasizing communication and showcasing results to maintain engagement. Training was deemed essential for citizens to contribute effectively.



The Greek field research brings to light the urgency of enhancing environmental awareness and action, especially in addressing recurrent wildfires and their multifaceted social consequences. Building trust and transparency in local initiatives and institutions is crucial for successful environmental engagement. Participants’ openness to environmental education highlights an opportunity for tailored, flexible programs. The potential for citizen science in Greece remains largely untapped, highlighting the need for increased awareness, training, and community involvement to address pressing environmental challenges.



The Greek research has provided valuable insights into the state of environmental awareness and citizen science participation in the nation, with a focus on the development of an online learning course aimed at enhancing eco-consciousness among adults. The research underlines the prevailing lack of familiarity with “citizen science” in Greece, emphasizing the critical need for more robust educational initiatives and tailored outreach efforts.

To create an effective online learning course, it is essential to address the specific environmental challenges faced by adults and make environmental education more accessible. These insights highlight the necessity of flexible programs that accommodate adults’ time constraints due to personal and professional commitments. Effective educational initiatives should integrate face-to-face elements, hands-on activities, and interactions with role models practicing sustainable living.

While the research reveals the existence of several local environmental initiatives in Greece, it also brings attention to adult disinterest in environmental matters, often seen as concerns primarily for younger generations. To bridge this intergenerational gap and engage adults more actively in environmental sustainability, effective communication and self-sustaining communities are crucial. The success of these initiatives depends on long-term sustainability, networking, and involving adults in environmental conservation.

In summary, the research in Greece has laid the foundation for developing an online learning course tailored to the needs of adults. By addressing the identified challenges and capitalizing on the opportunities presented, Greece can make significant progress in enhancing environmental literacy and encouraging greater eco-consciousness among its adult population. These findings are integral to the overarching objectives of the GEA project, which aims to empower adults to become environmentally responsible citizens within their communities.