Summary of Key Findings and Recommendations

Top-Priority Environmental Concerns

As a result of research efforts in seven European countries, five major environmental challenges have been identified as top-priority concerns affecting these nations. These challenges transcend geographical boundaries and demand collective attention and action.

1. Air Quality and Pollution

Air quality and pollution pose significant threats to environmental quality and public health. Particulate matter, including PM2.5 and PM10, results from industrial emissions, vehicular traffic, and residential heating. These airborne pollutants have far-reaching consequences, leading to respiratory problems and cardiovascular diseases. The major sources of air pollution include coal-fired power plants, industrial facilities, and heavy traffic. Across the studied countries, efforts to combat air pollution include citizen science projects that monitor air quality. These initiatives provide real-time data, raise public awareness, and empower communities to advocate for cleaner air and more sustainable urban environments.

2. Biodiversity Conservation

The conservation of biodiversity is an urgent and central concern, underpinned by the presence of rich and unique ecosystems in these European countries. These ecosystems face substantial threats from habitat destruction, deforestation, and the adverse effects of climate change. The challenge of preserving biodiversity is exemplified by the endangerment of various species, some of which are critically imperiled. The loss of habitats due to factors like deforestation and infrastructure development represents a formidable obstacle in this endeavor.

Citizen science projects have emerged as vital players in addressing this challenge, working in close collaboration with researchers and conservationists. Their primary focus is to document and protect species diversity, migration patterns, and the conditions of critical habitats. By actively involving the public in data collection and the preservation of natural heritage, these projects provide significant support for biodiversity conservation. Furthermore, these efforts extend beyond scientific objectives, fostering public engagement and nurturing a collective sense of responsibility for the environment.

3. Climate Change Impacts

The consequences of climate change are acutely felt across the seven European countries, manifesting in the form of increased temperatures, altered precipitation patterns, and more frequent extreme weather events. These changes significantly impact agriculture, water resources, and urban infrastructure. Citizen scientists are actively engaged in monitoring these changes, providing valuable data for research and adaptation strategies. Their work includes projects related to climate monitoring, weather data collection, and studying the local effects of a changing climate. These efforts contribute to more informed decision-making and planning for a more sustainable future.

4. Water Quality

Maintenance and sustainability of water resources, including numerous lakes, rivers, and aquatic ecosystems, are vital across all the countries. However, these valuable water bodies face significant challenges. Pollution from various sources, such as agricultural runoff, inadequate wastewater treatment, and illegal waste disposal, threatens water quality. Eutrophication, resulting from excessive nutrient input, can lead to harmful algal blooms, oxygen depletion, and overall degradation of water quality. Effective water management and conservation are essential to address these challenges and ensure the protection of these valuable aquatic resources.

 5. Urbanization and Land Use

The rapid pace of urbanization and land development poses complex challenges in all the countries studied. Urban expansion often results in land degradation, loss of green spaces, and environmental problems. Through citizen science initiatives, the impact of construction and urbanization on local ecosystems, with a focus on green spaces within urban areas, is being studied. This work provides critical insights for informed decisions regarding sustainable urban development, green infrastructure, and environmental conservation.

Common Learning Needs Revealed in National Studies

The national studies conducted in seven EU countries — Belgium, Estonia, Germany, Greece, Italy, Lithuania, North Macedonia — have unveiled several common learning needs transcending geographic boundaries and shedding light on shared concerns within the EU. In this overview, we delve into the distinct facets of these common learning needs:


Low Awareness of Citizen Science

Intriguingly, the comprehensive studies carried out in these diverse EU nations revealed a pervasive commonality—an overarching lack of familiarity with the concept of “citizen science” among the populace. This shared gap in awareness underscores the imperative need for expansive awareness campaigns and educational outreach initiatives. With an engaging scientific lens, we analyze the pressing requirement to bridge the knowledge deficit and to kindle the beacon of understanding regarding citizen science.


Interconnected Environmental and Social Challenges

A symphony of participants’ voices resonates across these national studies, harmonizing to accentuate the intricate interplay between environmental and social challenges. Unveiling this shared perspective is a chorus of acknowledgment, with an impressive 82% of participants recognizing the inextricable interdependence of these challenges. The primary refrain is the collective understanding that the environmental quandaries plaguing each region are, in fact, “community problems.” This recognition engenders a compelling narrative, elevating community-driven solutions as a salient theme throughout the EU.


Diverse Environmental Concerns

The array of environmental concerns emerging from these studies paints a vivid mosaic that transcends borders. From air quality and pollution concerns to the specter of biodiversity loss, challenges related to climate change impacts, water quality and management, and the complex conundrum of urbanization are consistent themes. These environmental refrains are punctuated by various factors, thereby necessitating a holistic, cross-border perspective and the formation of a united front.


Limited Awareness of Citizen Science Initiatives

A shared deficiency in awareness of citizen science initiatives emerges as an essential point of focus. Although a rudimentary understanding of citizen science is present, specific knowledge about citizen science initiatives remains a common blind spot. The studies uniformly spotlight doubts and queries regarding the tangible results and impact of these initiatives. This common theme accentuates the dire need for robust communication strategies aimed at elucidating the myriad benefits of citizen science projects and ensuring their effective deployment.


Challenges in Trust and Transparency

The theme of trust and transparency forms a leitmotif across these studies. A shared concern for the effectiveness and outcomes of citizen science initiatives is evident in all participating countries. Questions abound, particularly concerning these initiatives’ efficacy in addressing local environmental issues. These collective reservations underscore the necessity of cultivating trust and providing tangible demonstrations of the substantial impact of citizen science projects to boost public participation.


Role of Adult Education in Environmental Action

All studies uncover a common thread—an appreciation of the pivotal role of adult education in catalyzing environmental engagement. Significantly, this shared acknowledgment underscores the need to transform the predominant focus on job-related skills into an enriched commitment to comprehensive environmental education. Here, lifelong learning takes center stage, commencing at an early age and extending to every phase of life. This perspective adds depth to the narrative surrounding environmental education’s transformative potential.


Local Community Engagement

A collective emphasis on the importance of local community engagement weaves its narrative through the seven national studies. A shared preference for initiatives led by local citizens surfaces as a recurring theme, underpinned by a recognition of potential political involvement for addressing localized issues like green spaces and waste management. This shared perspective underscores the vibrant tapestry of community-driven solutions as a path to resolution.

These common learning needs unearthed from the national studies do more than merely cross borders—they represent a shared journey of self-discovery, empowerment, and environmental responsibility. With a deep understanding of these shared needs, the partner consortium is now well-positioned to embark on the development of an online learning course tailored for adults and disadvantaged adults.



Concluding Thoughts and Recommendations

As the partner consortium takes its next step, equipped with a profound understanding of these shared needs, we lay the foundation for the development of the GEA online learning course. The insights gained from the seven national studies have illuminated crucial considerations for creating a comprehensive and effective educational resource tailored for adult learners. Here, we offer a set of well-informed recommendations to guide the development of this course.


Recommendations for the GEA Online Learning Course

1. Citizen Science Awareness Module: Develop a dedicated module within the online course to educate participants about citizen science and its pivotal role in addressing pressing environmental challenges.

2. Enhanced Environmental Education: Ensure the course offers comprehensive environmental education that accommodates the time constraints of adult learners. Include flexible delivery methods, combining theoretical knowledge with practical activities and real-world examples.

3. Micro-Actions Integration: Incorporate a section in the course that focuses on ‘micro-actions’ — small yet impactful changes individuals can easily integrate into their daily lives to promote environmental sustainability.

4. Community Engagement Components: Integrate course components that underscore the significance of community involvement in environmental initiatives. Demonstrate how individuals can actively participate in local projects and promote collective action within their communities.

5. Effective Communication Strategies: Provide guidance on effective communication techniques within the course to simplify the transmission of complex scientific knowledge about environmental and climate dynamics.

6. Practical Consequences of Climate Change: Include modules that highlight the practical and tangible consequences of climate change and environmental challenges. Emphasize experiential learning to illustrate real-world impacts on communities.

7. Tailored Learning Materials: Develop learning materials that are tailored to the needs and preferences of adult learners. Consider diverse learning styles, backgrounds, and abilities to ensure that the course is inclusive and accessible.

8. Comprehensible Language: Use clear and comprehensible language in all course materials and communication. Avoid unnecessary jargon and complex terminology to make the content accessible to a broad audience.

9. Practical Applications: Emphasize practical applications of environmental concepts within the course. Encourage participants to apply what they learn to their daily lives, starting with simple eco-friendly practices that can be easily integrated.

10. Highlighting Real-world Impact: Illustrate the real-world consequences of environmental challenges and climate change. Use concrete examples to underscore the importance of taking action and the potential benefits of eco-conscious behaviors.

11. Community Engagement: Foster community engagement within the course. Encourage participants to connect with their local communities and take part in collective efforts to address environmental issues.

12. Cross-disciplinary Approach: Take a cross-disciplinary approach to environmental education. Integrate elements of various fields, such as science, social sciences, and economics, to provide a holistic understanding of environmental challenges.

13. Interactive Learning: Incorporate interactive and engaging learning methods, such as quizzes, discussions, and practical exercises, to keep participants actively involved and motivated.

14. Building Self-sufficient Communities: Encourage the development of self-sufficient and functional communities through the course. Highlight the importance of collective action and provide guidance on initiating local environmental initiatives.

15. Networking Opportunities: Create opportunities for participants to network with like-minded individuals, experts, and organizations. Networking can enhance the sustainability of eco-conscious efforts and provide ongoing support.

16. Equity and Inclusivity: Maintain a strong focus on equity and inclusivity. Ensure that the course addresses the specific needs and challenges faced by disadvantaged individuals, creating a level playing field for all participants.


These recommendations are a testament to the collaborative spirit and shared understanding cultivated through the extensive national studies. As we venture into the realm of online learning, they will serve as our guiding principles, paving the way for the development of an engaging and transformative online course aimed at enhancing eco-consciousness and environmental awareness among adults and disadvantaged adults.

With these guidelines in place, we look forward to making a meaningful impact on the path to a greener, more sustainable future.